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The paper presents an algorithm of idle speed stabilization in the spark ignition automotive engine by means of spark advance control. The algorithm is based on a well-known approach of a model-based adaptive control and uses artificial neural networks. The control algorithm is based on a neural network model observer of the additional effective torque. The additional load is estimated as difference between effective torque, estimated by the neural network observer, and brake torque, estimated on the basis of a linear quadratic model. In that case the additional load is understood as the sum of the alternator brake torque (additional load form electric car equipments) and the momentary and/or permanent changes of the engine’s characteristics.
On the basis of estimated values of the additional load, the required value of angular acceleration is determined to make the engine return to the specified speed. This acceleration is achieved by adjusting the spark advance. The required value of spark advance is estimated by means of a neural network model converse to that of the effective torque.
The algorithm was experimentally compared with PID and adaptive algorithms in the same test bed. The tests were conducted under sudden change of external load. The proposed algorithm proved to be more effective in terms of control error.