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The paper presents the results of the experimental research on the combustion process inside the cylinder of a large piston radial aircraft engine with dual spark plug ignition. The tests were carried out on the ASz-62IR-16X radial engine equipped with a double, electronically controlled ignition system with two spark plugs in each cylinder. The constant engine speed tests allowed for comparing the combustion processes with ignition carried out with different ignition advance angle offset between both spark plugs. In the test, the ignition advance angle for one spark plug was changed while leaving the ignition advance angle for the other spark plug. The tests performed for two engine operating points were to change the angle of the front spark plug and the rear spark plug. The analyses were based on the recorded pressure signal from one of the engine cylinders. It has been shown that the ignition advance angle offset significantly affects the combustion process. The obtained results indicate the leading role of the rear spark plug in initiating the combustion process. When ignition is carried out with a steady rear spark plug advance angle, the combustion process practically does not change when the ignition advance angle of the front spark plug changes. However, changing the rear spark plug advance angle at a constant front spark plug ignition advance angle significantly changes the combustion process.