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The article was written as a part of the research project TA ˇCR: CK03000085
“Implementation of city logistics into the process of sustainable urban mobility planning”. This work
was created as a partial result of the scientific internship of the authors Agnieszka Dudziak and Jacek
Caban carried out at the Department of Transport and Logistics of the Institute of Technology and
Business in ˇCeské Budˇejovice in the period from 6 January to 7 February 2020.
The automotive sector has been experiencing a rapid development in recent times. Modern
trends aim at the progress of so-called sustainable, eco-friendly vehicles, in many cases associated
with advanced technologies and assistance systems. It is increasingly common to see cars with
electric, hybrid, gas or hydrogen propulsion systems. Such approaches can create a transformation of
manufacturing processes towards the growth of new types and fields of technologies and systems
in the automotive industry. The manuscript discusses the subject of vehicles with various types of
power supply, i.e., propulsion system. The investigation was executed with different respondent
groups whereby the analysis was performed predominantly by using two merging criteria such
as place of residence and gender of respondents. Following the research conducted, we state that
given a variety of variables, the majority of the respondents are convinced that, prospectively, electric
and hybrid vehicles in all probability will be the prevailing types of vehicles occurring on the roads
of the Czech Republic. However, it is also important to analyze the situation of the current access
to energy resources for manufacturing of both kinds of vehicles and, above all, their utilization.
Thus, the preferences of drivers are key issues, but it is also necessary to take into consideration the
production capacity and invest.