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This paper presents the low-velocity impact response of fiber metal laminates, based on aluminum with a polymer composite, reinforced with carbon and glass fibers. The influence of fiber orientations as well as analysis of load-time history, damage area and damage depth in relation to different energy levels is presented and discussed. The obtained results made it possible to determine characteristic points, which may be responsible for particular stages of the laminate structure degradation process: local microcracks and delaminations, leading to a decrease in the stiffness of the laminate, as well as further damage represented by laminate cracks and its perforation. The damage mechanism of fiber metal laminates is rather complex. In case of carbon fiber laminates, a higher tendency to perforation was observed in comparison to laminates containing glass fibers. Delaminations in composite interlayers and at the metal/composite interface constitute a significant damage form of fiber metal laminates resulting from dynamic loads. Fiber metal laminates with glass fibers absorb energy mainly through plastic deformation as well as through delamination initiation and propagation, whereas laminates containing carbon fibers absorb energy for penetration and perforation of the laminate.