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With the development of the civilization and the need to ensure safety for the next generation and cultural material, it became more and more vital to provide defence in case of danger. That is why, the character of residential space and historical architecture was influenced by the conflicts, which had various forms. Aside from the buildings, which were fulfilling visible and explicitly defined military function like e.g. fortresses or defence walls, there were also others that have been subjected to the process of incastellation to respond to the needs of the society. Giving the defensive character to the buildings that had originally completely different purpose, especially religious, had been developed since the Roman times. Military art was purely functional at the beginning. Later it was intertwined with decorations and other architectonic elements that were occurring e.g. in churches and conventual complexes. The aim of this article is to analyse the expression of the late Renaissance architecture with the elements of military art (ars militaris) in the discussed church, the Loreto Chapel and the wall, which together constitute the religious complex of St. Florian and St. Catherine in Gołąb in Lublin Voivodeship. Referring to functional and architectural-construction solutions of the subject of our research, the author discusses the topic of giving defensive character to religious buildings while keeping their functional layout, decorativeness and rich architectural expression typical for the architecture of the Lublin Renaissance.